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[ cerca in archivio ] ARCHIVIO STORICO RADICALE
Conferenza Partito radicale
Cicciomessere Roberto - 18 febbraio 1991
(13) THE POISON GAS CONNECTION
Western suppliers of unconventional weapons and technologies to Iraq and Libya

A Special Report Commisioned by the Simon Wiesenthal Center

Prepared by Kenneth R. Timmerman

III.APPENDICES

c2.A. Company register

The company register, developed from Middle East Data Project R files, contain listings for over 200 companies that have been involved in supplying Iraq with chemical, ballistic missile, or sophisticated weapons technology.

They do not include conventional weapons exports. Conventional weapons exports, which have been compiled by the Middle East Data Project R, involve more than 1,000 in nearly thirty nations.

Abbreviations

BW = biological/bacteriological weapons

CW = chemical weapons, technology, and/or precursor chemicals

MT = missile technology and/or manufacturing equipment

NUCLEAR = nuclear weapons and uranium enrichment, technology, equipment, and materials

WT = weapons technology and/or manufacturing equipment. This category primarily focuses on the "super-gun" case.

SADDAM'S FOREIGN SUPPLIERS

Companies supplier Iraq's unconventional weapons programs

Country of domiciliation Number of firms

ARGENTINA 3

AUSTRIA 17

BELGIUM 8

BRAZIL 1

SWITZERLAND 11

EGYPT 1

FRANCE 16

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY 86

GREECE 1

HOLLAND 2

INDIA 1

IRAQ 2

ITALY 12

JAPAN 1

JERSEY 1

MONACO 2

POLAND 1

SPAIN 4

SWEDEN 1

UK 18

USA 18

TOTAL 207

IRAQ'S SOURCES OF UNCONVENTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES

Company Country Type Equipment Source

delivered

_______________________________________________________________

Aerotech (Buenos Aires) Argentina MT Consen group FT 20/11/

missile tech 1989

---------------------------------------------------------------

Conseltech SA Argentina MT Consen group FT 20/11/

missile tech 1989

---------------------------------------------------------------

Intesa S.A. (Cordoba) Argentina MT Consen group FT 20/11/

missile tech 1989

---------------------------------------------------------------

AST Consult Co Austria CW Laboratory Profil,

construction 6/3/89

---------------------------------------------------------------

Consultco Austria CW SAAD 16 Spiegel

construction 13/89

---------------------------------------------------------------

Emmerich-Assman Austria CW Owner of Profil

Hutter and 6/3/89

Schrantz

---------------------------------------------------------------

Feneberg Austria CW Construction Profil,

planning 24/4/90

---------------------------------------------------------------

Lenhardt Metal Austria CW Steel Constr Kurier,

CW plant 13/1/90

_______________________________________________________________

Neue Berger Austria CW Percursor Austria

chemicals State

Radio,

4/1/89

_______________________________________________________________

Swatek and Cerny Austria CW Sanitary Profil

equipment 6/3/89

_______________________________________________________________

Consultco Austria MT Saad 16 Stern

Engineering 26/1/89

_______________________________________________________________

Delta Consult Studien Austria MT Electronics, Kurier,

GmbH plans, 13/5/90

(Consen)

_______________________________________________________________

Delta System GmbH Austria MT Consen group FT

missile tech 20/11/89

_______________________________________________________________

Girozentrale Bank Austria MT Financing of Profil

weapons lab 6/3/90

______________________________________________________________

Hutter und Shranz Austria MT Construction Profil

of weapons 6/3/89

lab

______________________________________________________________

Ilbau Austria MT Blow-out Profil

walls, 8/5/89

missile plant

_______________________________________________________________

Denzel Austria WT Helicopters AFP

from MBB

_______________________________________________________________

Hirtenberger Austria WT Percussion

caps and

traction Profil

machines 13/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

Styer-Daimler-Puch Austria WT Nonferrous-

metal Profil

cartridge 24/4/90

case facility

_______________________________________________________________

Voest-Alpine Austria WT GC-45 The New

Howitzers York

Times

Magazine

26/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

Philips Petroleum Belgium CW Thiodiglycol BBC

sold to KBS Panorama

2/2/87

_______________________________________________________________

Sebata Belgium CW Built CW The Wa-

plant shington

Post

25/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

PRB (Poudrieres de Belgium MT Solid fuel Groot Bji

Belgique) munitions/ gaarden

rockets De Stan-

daard

17/5/90,

WSJ

19/4/90,

At Tayar

4/9/90

______________________________________________________________

Amalgamated Trading Ind. Belgium WT Super-gun Groot Bji

(ATI) gaarden

De Stan

daard

18/5/90,

Monde et

Vie

_______________________________________________________________

Cockerill Belgium WT Super gun

parts

_______________________________________________________________

Forges de Zeebrugge Belgium WT Super gun

Herstal parts

_______________________________________________________________

SIx Construct Belgium WT Air Base Mednews

construction 3,21/22

(27/8/90)

_______________________________________________________________

Space Research Corp Belgium WT Super-gun

prime

contractor

_______________________________________________________________

Avibras Brazil MT Joint missile Mednews

R&D programs 1,12

21/11/88

_______________________________________________________________

Companies Inc. CH CW Chemical New York

percursors Times

31/1/89

_____________________________________________________________

IFAT Corp Ltd CH CW Engineering Spiegel

Saad 16 18/89,

Profil

24/4/89

_______________________________________________________________

Condor Projekt A.G. CH MT Consen group FT

missile tech 21/11/89

_______________________________________________________________

Consen S.A. (Zug) CH MT Missile te-

chnology;

provided 150

electronics

and computer

engineers FT

20/11/89;

NBC News

30/6/89,

Kurier

(Austria)

13/5/90

_______________________________________________________________

Desintec A.G. (Zug) CH MT Consen group FT

missile tech 20/11/89

_______________________________________________________________

Schaeublin CH Nu- Tools for Berliner

cl. nuclear Tages-

facility spiegel

22/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

Schmiedemeccanica CH Nu- Centrifuge Tages

cl. assemblies Anzeiger

3/9/90,

Berliner

Tages-

spiegel

22/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

Georg Fischer CH WT Tadji,

casting molds

machinery

for cannon

plant Spiegel

28/90,

11/7/90

_______________________________________________________________

Space Research Corp CH WT Super-gun

procurement

office

_______________________________________________________________

Von Roll CH WT Taji, super-

gun parts Tribune

de Geneve

17/6/90,

the New

York

Times

Magazine

26/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

VUF AG (Verwaltung CH WT Middleman, Mednews

und Finanzierung) financing 2/4/90

_______________________________________________________________

WTB International AG Egypt CW Saad 16, Spiegel

controler 19/89

_______________________________________________________________

Atochem France CW Sarin BBC

precursor to Panorama

Montedison 2/2/87

_______________________________________________________________

Carbone Lorraine France CW Subcontractor Nouvel

to Protec Observa-

teur

20/9/90

_______________________________________________________________

Le Vide Industriel France CW Subcontractor Nouvel

to Protec Observa-

teur

20/9/90

_______________________________________________________________

Pirep France CW Subcontractor Nouvel

to Protec Observa-

teur

20/9/90

_______________________________________________________________

Prévost France CW Subcontractor Nouvel

to Protec Observa-

teur

20/9/90

_______________________________________________________________

Protec SA France CW French

partner to

Karl Kolb;

purchased

manufacturing

equipment

and Tabun Nouvel

precursors Observa-

for Samarra teur

plant. 20/9/90;

IHT

21/9/90

_______________________________________________________________

SVCM France CW Subcontractor Nouvel

to Protec Oberva-

teur

20/9/90

_______________________________________________________________

Sagem France MT Missile Mednews

guidance No 1.17,

systems 30/5/88,

The New

York

Times

24/5/90

_______________________________________________________________SEP France MT Rocket Mednews

motors, 3,21

nozzles (12/4/90)

SEP

denies

_______________________________________________________________

SNPE France MT Solid rocket Mednews

fuel 3,12

(w/Snia Bpd) (12/4/90)

_______________________________________________________________Framatome France Nu- Nuclear fuel CEA

cl. for Osirak

reactor

_______________________________________________________________

St.Gobain France Nu- Nuclear Mednews

cl. Technologies 2/4/90

_______________________________________________________________

Technatome France Nu- Osiris nu- CEA

cl. clear rea-

ctor

_______________________________________________________________

Usinor-Sacilor France Nu- Special Spiegel,

cl. steels for 8/90

centrifuges

_______________________________________________________________

Interspace France WT High resolu-

tion infra-

red cameras

for observa-

tion satelli

tes. Defence,

Via Brazil? Dec. 1989

_______________________________________________________________

Thomson-CSF France WT Saad 13 Jane's

electronics Defense

factory Weekly,

6/4/85

______________________________________________________________

Tesa FRG ?? ?? Monde et

Vie

23/8/90

______________________________________________________________

Josef Kuhn FRG BW Mycotoxins Spiegel

TH-2,T-2 33/90

______________________________________________________________

Aviatest (Rheinmetall FRG CW Saad 16:

wind tunnel

for missile

and aerody- Spiegel

namics 33/1990,

research Profil

6/3/89

_______________________________________________________________

BP FRG CW Military Spiegel

research 13/89,

33,90

_______________________________________________________________

Carl Zeiss FRG CW Equipment Spiegel

for Saad 16 13/89,

CW lab 33/1990

_______________________________________________________________

Deutsch BP FRG CW Military Spiegel

research 13/89,

33/1990

_______________________________________________________________

Heberger Bau GmbH FRG CW Buildings Bundestag

for CW plant 20/12/88

_______________________________________________________________

I.B.I. FRG CW Construction Spiegel

procurement 3/89,

Stern

26/6/89

______________________________________________________________

Industriewerke Karlsruhe, FRG CW Machinetools Spiegel

Augsburg (IWKA) CW packing 24/6/89

_______________________________________________________________

Infraplan FRG CW Project 9230 Stern

nerve gas 1/89,

plant NBC News

______________________________________________________________

Iveco/Magirus/Deutz FRG CW Vehicle for Spiegel

mobile labs 4/89

_____________________________________________________________

Karl Kolb FRG CW Saad 16,

laboratory

equipment

for material

testing;

biological

agent equip- NYT

ment; Prime 8/8/84,

contractor Spiegel

of Samarra 3/89,

CW plant Stern

27/3/89,

Christian

Science

Monitor

13/12/89

______________________________________________________________

MBB FRG CW CW lab Stern

equipment for 26/1/89

Saad 16

_______________________________________________________________

Pilot Plant, dissolved FRG CW Equipment for Spiegel

Samarra 3/89,NY

plant Times

______________________________________________________________

Plato-Kuehn FRG CW Toxins Spiegel

30/1/89

______________________________________________________________

Preussag FRG CW Water-treat- BBC

ment, buil- Panorama

dings for 2/2/87,

Samarra CW Spiegel

facility 13/8/90

_______________________________________________________________Quast FRG CW Reactor

vessels for

Sarin; BBC

corrosion- Panorama

resistant 2/2/87,

alloy parts Christian

Science

Monitor

13/1/89

______________________________________________________________

Rhein-Bayern Vehicle FRG CW Mobile toxi- Spiegel

Construction cological 13/8/90

lab

______________________________________________________________

Rhema-Labortechnik FRG CW Inhalation Spiegel

system for 4/89

toxic

research

______________________________________________________________

Sigma Chemie FRG CW Precursor for Washing-

BW ton Times

31/1/89

______________________________________________________________

Sigma Chemie FRG CW ?? Monde et

Vie

_______________________________________________________________

W.E.T. Engineering FRG CW Precursors, Spiegel

production 34/90,

plant NY Times

______________________________________________________________

WTB Walter Thosti Boswau FRG CW Nerve gas Stern

plants 26/1/89

______________________________________________________________

AEG FRG MT Weapons and Spiegel

ammunition 33/1990

production

equipment

______________________________________________________________

Blohm Maschinbau FRG MT Saad 16, Spiegel

computer 13/89,

controlled 33/1990

grinding

facilities

_______________________________________________________________

Brown Boveri FRG MT Electronics Profil,

8/5/89

______________________________________________________________

Daimler-Benz FRG MT Vehicules Monde et

Vie

23/8/90

______________________________________________________________

Degussa FRG MT Saad 16,

military

research;

unspecified Spiegel

equip at CW 13/89,

plant 33/1990

______________________________________________________________

Fritz Werner Industrie FRG MT Machine- Spiegel

Ausrustungen tools 13/89,

Monde et

Vie

23/8/90

______________________________________________________________

Gildemeister Projecta FRG MT General

GmbH contractor

for Saad 16

missile

programs,

computer Stern

programs; 26/1/89,

supplied 9/8/90

machine toolsSpiegel

test equip- 13/89,

ment 24/90

_______________________________________________________________

GPA FRG MT Consen group Financial

Times

21/11/89

_______________________________________________________________

Integral/Sauer Informatic/ FRG MT Saad 16, Stern

IC:E computer 26/6/89

programs

_______________________________________________________________

Leifeld & Co FRG MT Rocket Der

nozzles, via Spiegel

Nasr (GB) 28/90

____________________________________________________________

M.A.N. FRG MT Tadji, Financial

missile Times

launcher 21/11/89

parts Spiegel

28/90

______________________________________________________________

Machinenfabrik Ravensburg FRG MT machine- Spiegel

tools 33/1990

_______________________________________________________________

Mauser-Werke FRG MT Saad 16, Spiegel

research 13/89,

33/1990

______________________________________________________________

MBB FRG MT Training

Engineering,

R & D;

electronics

& testing of Stern

Condor II 9/8/90

_____________________________________________________________

Nickel GmbH (Hamburg) FRG MT Climate Vienna

control, Profil,

missile 8/5/89

plant

_____________________________________________________________

PBG (Freiburg) FRG MT Consen group FT

missile tech 20/11/89

_______________________________________________________________

Promex Explorations GmbH FRG MT Middleman, Mednews

CW, missile 3,12

tech (12/4/90)

_______________________________________________________________

Rheinmetall FRG MT Tadji, Spiegel

missile 28/90,

propellants; Monde et

parent firm Vie,

of Aviatest Profil

6/3/89

______________________________________________________________

Siemens FRG MT Electronic

rocket fuel

mixers;

precision

lathes and

computer

control

equipment;

programming

equipment for

Tadji complex

non-echoing

room for

Saad 16 (DS

missile R&D 27/3/89)

_______________________________________________________________

International Trade

Consulting SA

_______________________________________________________________

Transtechnica (MBB FRG MT Main Saad 16 Stern

subcontractor26/1/89;

providing NBC News,

lab equip- 3/3/89,

ment for Spiegel

missile and 18/89,

CW R&D 19/89

_______________________________________________________________

Waldrich-Siegen FRG MT Machine- K.

tools at Timmerman

missile La Grande

plant Fauche

(Paris,

Editions

Plon,

1989)

_______________________________________________________________

Wegman FRG MT Tractor Financial

rocket Times

launch 20/11/89

system

_______________________________________________________________

Weiss Technik FRG MT Hot & cold Vienna

chambers Profil,

8/5/89

______________________________________________________________

Dillinger Huette-Sarstahl FRG Nu- Special Spiegel,

cl. steels for 13/8/90

centrifuges

_______________________________________________________________

Export-Union GmbH FRG Nu- Metal for Spiegel,

cl. poduction of 13/8/90

gas centri-

fuges

_______________________________________________________________

Ferrostaal (MAN subsidia- FRG Nu- Main contra- Spiegel,

ry) cl. ctor,Tadji 28/90,32/

90, 33/90

_______________________________________________________________

H+H Metalform GmbH FRG Nu- Rolling mill Spiegel,

cl. to manufa- 9/7/90,

cture centi- 13/8/90,

fuges,compu- 33/90,AFP

ter control-

led facility

for material

checks,hard-

ening of can-

non barrels,

cartridge

cases,missi-

le bodies

_______________________________________________________________

Inwako GmbH FRG Nu- Ring magnets Spiegel,

cl. for uranium 35/90,

enrichment 20/8/90

processing

plant;SCUD-

missile

upgrade

_______________________________________________________________

KWU FRG Nu- Reactor core Mednews

cl. technologies 2/4/90

_______________________________________________________________

Leybold AG FRG Nu- Tadji,high- Nucleo-

cl. temperature nics Week

furnace; 9/8/90,

recasting Spiegel,

plants for 6/8/90,

cannon 32/90,

factory 33/90

_______________________________________________________________

M.A.N. Technologies Ltd FRG Nu- Middleman Der Spie-

cl. for H+H gel

18/12/90

_______________________________________________________________

Nukem FRG Nu- U-235 fuel Spiegel,

cl. pins;blocked 33/1990;

Energy

Daily,2/

10/80

_______________________________________________________________

Saarstahl FRG Nu- Maraging Spiegel,

cl. steel for 33/1990

centrifuge

production

at Tadji

complex

_______________________________________________________________

TuV FRG Nu- Materials Spiegel,

cl. testing, 33/90

Tadji

_______________________________________________________________

ABB (Mannheim) FRG WT Electrical Spiegel,

equipment 28/90,33/

for furnaces 1990

at Tadji

complex

_______________________________________________________________

Buderus, Feldmuhle FRG WT Casting te- Spiegel,

subsidiary chnology for 32/90,

cannon plant 33/1990

at Tadji

______________________________________________________________

Daimler Benz FRG WT Security Der Spie-

vehicles gel

27/3/89

_______________________________________________________________

Dynamit Nobel (Troisdorf) FRG WT Explosives Spiegel,

33/1990

_______________________________________________________________

Faun FRG WT Transporta- Spiegel

tion facili- 13/8/90

ties

_______________________________________________________________

Hochtief (Essen) FRG WT Construction Spiegel,

Tadji 28/90,32/

90,33/90

_______________________________________________________________

Klockner Industrie-Anlage FRG WT Steel boiler Spiegel,

GmbH foundry,com- 9/8/90,

pressors, 32/90,33/

machine 1990

parts for

Tadji

_______________________________________________________________

Krauss-Kopf FRG WT Unspecified Interna-

equipment at tional

weapons Herald

plant Tribune7-

8/1/89

_______________________________________________________________

Lasco Umformtechnik FRG WT Weapon and Spiegel,

ammunition 33/1990

manufactu-

ring facili-

ties

_______________________________________________________________

LOI Industrieofenanlagen FRG WT Special fur- SPIEGEL,

naces for 32/90,33/

hardening 1990

steel at

Tadji

complex

_______________________________________________________________

Ludwig Hammer FRG WT Unspecified Interna-

equipment at tional

weapons Heral

plant Tribune7-

8/1/89

_______________________________________________________________

M.A.N. Roland FRG WT Transporta- Spiegel,

tion 13/8/90

equipment

_______________________________________________________________

Mannesmann (Duisberg) FRG WT Super gun Spiegel,

components 33/1990

_______________________________________________________________

Mannesmann Demag-Hutten- FRG WT Casting Spiegel,

technik equipment 28/90

for Tadji

_______________________________________________________________

Mannesmann-Rexroth FRG WT Components Groot

for super- Bijgaar-

gun den De

Standaard

(Belgium)

8/5/90

_______________________________________________________________

Marposs (Krefeld) FRG WT Weapon and Spiegel,

ammunition 33/1990

production

facilities

_______________________________________________________________

Matuschka FRG WT Parent of Spiegel,

Leico 9/7/90

(Leifeld &

Co)

_______________________________________________________________

MBB FRG WT License for BBC Pano-

fuel-air rama

explosives 3/9/90

_______________________________________________________________

Ravensburg FRG WT Boring Spiegel,

equipment 32/90,33/

for cannon 90

manufacturer

at Tadji

_______________________________________________________________

Ruhrgas FRG WT Tadji Spiegel,

32/90,

33/90

_______________________________________________________________Schirmer-Plate- FRG WT Weapong and Spiegel,

-Siempeklamp ammunition 33/1990

production

facilities

_______________________________________________________________

Scmidt, Kranz & Co FRG WT Computer Spiegel,

controlled 33/90

facility for

materials

checks,

hardening of

artillery

tubes

_______________________________________________________________

SMS Hasenclever FRG WT Forgning Spiegel,

press for 32/90,33/

Tadji 1990

_______________________________________________________________

TBT Tiefbohrtechnik FRG WT Machine Spiegel,

tools,Tadji 32/1990

complex

_______________________________________________________________

Thyssen FRG WT ?? Spiegel,

33/1990

(13/8/90)

_______________________________________________________________

Zublin FRG WT Steel plant Spiegel,

at Tadji 28/90,33/

complex 1990

_______________________________________________________________

Dango & Dienenthal FRG WY Molten metal Spiegel,

treatment, 9/7/90,

Tadji 33/1990

_______________________________________________________________

Korber AG (parent firm of FRG MT Machine- Spiegel,

Blohm) -tools for 13/89

Saad 16

_______________________________________________________________

Advanced Technology Greece WT Spuer-gun NYT Mag

Institute engineering 26/8/90;

w/SRC Figaro

1/6/90

_______________________________________________________________

KBS Holland CW Thiodiglycol BBC Pano-

rama,

2/2/87

_______________________________________________________________

Melchemie Holland CW Precursor Spiegel,

chemicals 3/89,

Chistian

Science

Monitor

13/12/88

_______________________________________________________________

Transpek India Ltd India CW Trionyl Far

chloride Eastern

Economic

Review,

30/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

Teco (German-owned) Iraq CW Tadji, Spiegel,

(middle-man? 33/90

_______________________________________________________________

Al-Arabi Trading company Iraq MT State-owned MEED,

front;owns 22/9/89

TDG

_______________________________________________________________

Ausidet Italy CW Sarin pre- BBC Pano-

cursors for rama,

Montedison 2/2/87

_______________________________________________________________

Montedison Italy CW Sarin Pre- BBC Pano-

cursors to rama,

Melchemie 2/2/87

_______________________________________________________________

Snia Techint (Fiat group) Italy CW CW lab for Mednews

Saad 16 3,12

(2/4/90)

_______________________________________________________________

Technipetrole Italy CW Nerve gas Libera-

plant, tion

Akashat 12/3/84

_______________________________________________________________

Snia Bpd Italy MT Solid rocket Mednews

fuel 3,12

(12/4/90)

_______________________________________________________________

Euromac (European Manu- Italy Nu- Iraqi front; AFP,AP,

facturer Center) cl. krytron 29/3/90;

triggers Spiegel,

9/7/90

_______________________________________________________________

Snia Techint (Fiat group) Italy Nu- Hot Cells L'Express

cl. for Thuwaitha 4/10/80

_______________________________________________________________

BNL(Banco Nazional del Italy WT Financing

Lavoro)

_______________________________________________________________

Danieli Italy WT Tadji, steel Spiegel,

rolling mill 28/90

_______________________________________________________________

Ilva Italy WT Forge Monde et

equipment Vie

23/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

Istituto per la Ricostru- Italy WT Owns Fucine; Reuters,

zione Industriale (ILVA) super-gun 14/5/90

parts

_______________________________________________________________

Societŕ delle Fucine Italy WT Super-gun Reuters,

parts (ILVA) 14/5/90,

Financial

Times,

15/5/90

_______________________________________________________________

Minolta Japan WT Duplicating NBC News,

equipment Monde et

Vie

_______________________________________________________________

Transtechno Ltd Jersey MT Consen group FT

missile tech 20/11/89

_______________________________________________________________

Consen Investment S.A.M. Monaco MT Consen group FT

financing 20/11/89

_______________________________________________________________

Consen S.A.M. Monaco MT Consen group FT

Missile tech 20/11/89

_______________________________________________________________

Chemadex Poland Nu- Repair work Washingt.

cl. on uranium Post,

processing 25/8/90

plant

_______________________________________________________________

Int'l Trade Consulting SA Spain MT Middleman, Mednews

missile tech 3,12

(12/4/90)

_______________________________________________________________

Casa Spain WT Helicopters AFP

from MBB

_______________________________________________________________

Trebelan Spain WT Steel Financial

cradles for Times 26/

super-gun 5/90,Mon-

de et Vie

23/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

International Trade Spain MT Middleman Mednews

Consulting SA for missile 3/12

tech (12/4/90)

_______________________________________________________________

Bofors Sweden MT Electronics; Financial

Missile Times

launchers 26/5/90,

Monde et

Vie

23/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

Canira Technical Corp UK MT 50% share MEED,

owned by TDG 22/9/89

attempted

buyout of

Learfan,

Belfast,to

acquire

carbon-carbon

technology

_______________________________________________________________

Matrix Churchill UK MT Machine-tools WSJ,US

precision News and

lathes World Re-

(owned by port

Iraq) 4/6/90,MD

_______________________________________________________________

Nasr Dependance Meed UK MT Iraqi front; Der

rocket Spiegel,

nozzles 28/90

_______________________________________________________________

SRC Composites UK MT Joint ventu- Financial

re SRC/TDG; Times

attempted 17/4/90

buy-aout of

Canira/

Learjet

factory in

Ireland,1989

_______________________________________________________________

TMG Engineering UK MT Iraqi front MEED,

(TDG);bought 22/9/89

Matrix-

Churchill

_______________________________________________________________

Trade Development Group UK MT Iraqi-owned BBC Pano-

front,MT&WT rama

purchases, 3/9/90

finance of Mednews

carbon-tipped2/4/90

machine tool

plant

_______________________________________________________________

Transtechno UK UK MT Consen group FT

missile tech 20/11/89

_______________________________________________________________

Consarc Engineering UK Nu- High-tempe- NY Times

cl. rature ovens 16/7/90

_______________________________________________________________

Astra Holdings UK WT Super-gun WSJ 19/4/

parts,owner 90,MD,AFP

of PRB 5/5/90

_______________________________________________________________

BSA UK WT Machine- BBC Pano-

tools for rama

weapons 3/9/90

plants

_______________________________________________________________

Eagle Trust UK WT Owner of Monde et

Halesowen Vie

(equipment 23/8/90

for supergun)

_______________________________________________________________

Global Technical & UK WT Mine London

Management International detection, Press As-

acoustic de- sociation

tonators for 30/3/90,

sea mines Monde et

Vie

23/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

Halesowen UK WT Parts for London

SRC supergun Press As-

sociation

17/4/90

_______________________________________________________________

Int'l Highway Transports UK WT Transport of TRT-TV

super-gun 29/4/90;

parts Monde et

Vie

23/8/90

_______________________________________________________________

Meed International UK WT Iraqi front; BBC Pano-

machine-tools rama

3/9/90

_______________________________________________________________

Sheffield Forge Masters UK WT Spuer-gun Reuters,

barrils AP,

11/4/90

_______________________________________________________________

Space Research Corp UK WT Super-gun Reuters,

procurement AP,

office 11/4/90

_______________________________________________________________

Walter Somers UK WT Hydralic Wall

equipment, Street

super-gun Journal

23/4/90

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Center for Disease USA BW West Nile NBC News

Control Fever virus 11/4/90

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Al Haddad Trading USA CW Sarin BBC Pano-

precursors rama

2/2/87

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Alcolac International USA CW Precursor US News

chemicals and World

Report

4/6/90

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Nu Kraft Mercantile Co USA CW Precursor New York

chemicals Times

31/1/90

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United Steel and Strip USA CW Precursor New York

Corporation chemicals Times

31/1/89

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US Steel and Strip Corp USA CW ?? Monde et

Vie

23/8/90

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Lummus Crest USA CW Ethylene Washin-

oxide gton Ti-

mes

27/4/90

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Electronic Associates,Inc USA MT Computers ABC News

for missile 7/9/90

R&D

_______________________________________________________________

Hewlett Packard USA MT Computers Mednews

for missile 3,12

R&D (2/4/90),

Washin-

gton Post

3/5/89

_______________________________________________________________

Scientific Atlanta USA MT Computers Washin-

for missile gton Post

R&D 3/5/89

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Wiltron Company USA MT Computer L'Express

equipment, 7/9/90,

scalar ana- Washin-

lyzer system gton Post

3/5/89

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KYZ Options USA MT Carbon-tool Financial

machine tool Times,

bits 21/11/89

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Consarc USA Nu- High-tempe- NY Times

cl. rature ovens 16/7/90

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BNL (Banco Nazional USA WT Atlanta Chicago

Lavoro) branch of Tribune

italian 6/5/90

owned bank,

financing

_______________________________________________________________

Centrifugal Casting USA WT Machine-tools ABC News

for gun 20/8/90

barrels

_______________________________________________________________

Sitico USA WT Iraqi finan- Mednews

ced fron for 2/4/90

VUF AG

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Tektronix Inc. USA WT Computer Washin-

graphic gton Post

terminal 3/5/89

_______________________________________________________________

Textronix USA WT Computers Mednews

for missile 3,12

R&D (2/4/90)

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A CHRONOLOGY OF HORROR

DOCUMENTED USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS

SINCE 1915

April 1915: First appearance chemical weapons on the battlefield of Ypres, Belgium, where German troops take the allies by surprise when they open the valves on cylinders of chlorine gas.

1925: Spain uses chemical weapons against the Moroccan independence movement led by Adbel Krim.

(1925: Signature of the Geneva Protocol outlawing the wartime use of chemical and bacteriological agents.)

1931: During its invasion and occupation of Manchuria, Japan uses chemical weapons against civilians.

October 1935: Mussolini's troops storm Abassynia under the command of Marshall Di Bono, massacring civilian populations with WWI-vintage chemical weapons.

1939-41: Euthenasia program for mentally ill and handicapped enacted by Nazi regime in Germany.

1942-45: Millions of Jews and other victims of the Nazis were gassed in facilities designed and supplied by German companies.

1954: Great Britain allegedly uses chemical weapons (probably limited to riot control agents) against Malayan nationalists.

1963-67: The International Committee of the Red Cross accuses Egypt of using phosgene, mustard gas, and riot-control agents during its invention in the Yemen Civil War, and of gasing an ICRC medical convoy CW agents were deployed by Nasser's elite guard, as well as by the Egyptian Air Force. Egypt denied the charges.

1968-75: The U:S: makes widespread use of Agent Orange and other defoliants in Vietnam, which the U.S. refuses to consider as chemical weapons covered by the Geneva Protocol.

1976-83: U:S: officials, incuding ACDA Director Adelman, accuse Vietnam of gassing Hmong tribesmen in Laos and Kampuchea. Adelman alleges that CW agents were used "almost on the scale of genocide".

1979: Vietnam uses CW agents to repel the Chinese incursion into its northwestern provinces launched on February 17.

1980-83: The U.S. accuses Soviet troops of using air-delivered chemical bombs against resistance fighters in Afghanistan, but fails to turn up concrete proof. A biochemist at Harvard, Matthew S. Meselson, counters that Soviet "yellow rain" is little more than bee excrement.

February 1984:Iraqi planes drop chemical bombs on Iranian troops storming across the international border at the Majnoon Islands, halting their advance. Proof of Iraqi chemical attacks is evaluated by teams of U.N. specialists dispatched to Iran in 1985, 1986, 1987, and 1988.

1985-88: French nuns and other Western humanitarian missions in Tigré province, allege that government helicopters carryng Soviet advisors spray Ethiopian rebels with mustard gas.

March 1988: In the most recent documented use of chemical warfare agents in the Gulf war, Iraq uses mustard gas and tabun against the Kurdish village of Halabja. These attacks allegedly continue in June-July 1988, against Kurdish tribesmen in the north.

June 1988: Cuban chemical warfare experts, under the direction of Colonel Juan Avila Ramirey, direct CW attacks against the pro-Western UNITA rebels of Dr. Jonas Savimbi in Angola. Both mustard gas and neuro-toxic agents are found in blood and environment samples examined by the Gent Toxicology Laboratory in Belgium. Colonel Ramirey is the commander of the Cuban Academy for Chemical Warfare, and was appointed earlier this year as Chief of Chemical Warfare in Angola.

 
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